The term “dysuria” refers to any pain or discomfort associated with urination (peeing). Women of any age can experience painful urination. Dysuria is most commonly associated with urinary tract infections. Pregnant women, women with diabetes, women with prior vaginal mesh surgeries, and women with any type of disease of the bladder are at higher risk of painful urination. Other causes of dysuria include: vaginal infection, bladder infection, urethral infection, sexually transmitted diseases, menopausal vaginal changes, and urinary tract cancer. women who experience painful urination should see a doctor. Dysuria can be a symptom of a broader physical condition that may need treatment. The workup for painful urination may include urine culture, vaginal culture, and potentially further evaluation for more complex disorders of the lower urinary tract.